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Author Guidelines

To submit a new paper to our journal:

  1. Register as an Author; we encourage you to register also as a Reader and a Reviewer at the same time;
  2. Follow the Guidelines for Authors (below);
  3. Read our Editorial Policies and our Competing Interest policies.


To submit a revised version:

  1. Log in;
  2. Click on your role as Author;
  3. Click on IN REVIEW: REVISIONS REQUIRED or RESUBMIT FOR REVIEW on the page displayed (under the heading ‘Status’, near the manuscript title);
  4. Under the heading EDITOR DECISION, upload your revised paper as AUTHOR VERSION using Browse and Upload buttons;
  5. Use the NOTIFY EDITOR e-mail button to inform the Editors that the revised version has been submitted.


Acque Sotterranee – Italian Journal of Groundwater: Instructions for Authors

Article types
Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater publishes contributions (papers and technical reports, technical notes, news column essay) in English and Italian.

Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscript checked by a language editing service, or by an English mother-tongue colleague prior to submission.

As an option, PAGEPress offers its own professional copyediting service.
Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript needs a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:


Papers and technical reports are blind peer-reviewed and cannot exceed 5000 words.

Technical note (not peer-reviewed) is a brief contribution (in Italian or English). It would be better not to exceed 2500 words.

The Column essay section (not peer-reviewed) is by invitation only. This kind of contribution (in Italian or English) cannot exceed 1600 words including title, references and 2 figures or tables.

The Column titled “Hydrogeological Thesis”is an extended abstract of a discussed thesis on hydrogeology or groundwater related issues. This kind of contribution must report the author of the Thesis, the tutor Name and the University where the Thesis has been discussed.

An Italian translation of Title, Abstract, key words and captions is always necessary in any kind of contribution.


General instructions about the Article

Text formatting
Manuscripts must be sent with the following formatting:
- Font: 11-point Arial
- Justified paragraph
- Double spaced
- Use the automatic page numbering and continuous line numbering functions
- Save your file in .doc or .docx format, without reporting Authors’ name, neither their affiliation
- File text has to include figures at low resolution and tables already well positioned within the text, including also progressive numbered captions. It cannot be more than 8 MB
Title and Abstract should appear first in English and then in Italian (even for papers written in Italian).

Support
In case of problems with the submission process, please contact: lucia.zoppi@pagepress.org

Take extra care to Title, Keywords and Abstract in English because it will be used for indexing the Journal

Corresponding authors are invited to carefully check their manuscript before the first submission and in the following review process in order to avoid many corrections.


TECHNICAL NOTE

This kind of contribution is not peer reviewed but is quality-checked by one of the editors. This section is just for those contributions reporting a brief experience on hydrogeological professional expertise as drilling, well performing, withdrawal techniques application, groundwater sampling, monitoring, remediation and low enthalpy plant design, etc.

  • Text formatting of Technical Notes

Language could be English or Italian, but a translation of title, captions and references in the not-used language is always necessary.

Manuscripts must be sent with the following formatting:

- Font: 11-point Arial
- Justified paragraph
- Double line spacing
- Use the automatic page numbering and continuous line numbering functions
- Save your file in .doc or .docx format
- File text has to include figures at low resolution and tables already well positioned within the text, including also progressive numbered captions.
  • Title should appear first in English and then in Italian (even for notes written in Italian).

  • Keyword: minimum of three keywords and maximum of five have to be specified.
    Key words must be in English followed by the Italian Parole chiave.
    At the end of this guideline a list of keywords (just as example) has been proposed. If the contribution is related to a particular zone, the name of the location is strongly suggested to be added to the keywords Es.:
    Key words: Pianura Padana; GIS; Nitrate; Hydrogeochemical modelling
    Parole chiave: Pianura Padana; GIS; Nitrate; Hydrogeochemical modeling

  • Text structure

    If possible, the structure of the text of the technical notes should be organized as follows, but on the basis of the argument , bearing in mind that what follows may not always indicate a chapter of its own, but also, and only a brief reference in the text.
    They are recommended approximately 2500 words.

Introduction: Very brief introduction of the problem
Setting of the study area: mainly focusing on hydrogeological setting
Description: technical description of the experience
References (optional) must follow the standards listed in these Guidelines

Maximum 4 figures or tables are allowed for this kind of contribution and must follow the standards listed in these Guidelines. They must have captions in Italian and English.


COLUMN ESSAY

These invited-only contributions are not peer-reviewed but are quality-checked by one of the editors.

  • Text formatting of Column Essay

    - Font: 11-point Arial
    - Justified paragraph
    - Double line spacing
    - Use the automatic page numbering and continuous line numbering functions
    - Save your file in .doc or .docx format
  • Title should appear before in English and then in Italian (even for notes written in Italian).

  • Keyword: minimum of three keywords and maximum of five have to be specified.
    Key words must be in English followed by the Italian Parole chiave.
    At the end of this guideline a list of keywords (just as example) has been proposed. If the contribution is related to a particular zone, the name of the location is strongly suggested to be added to the keywords.

Approximately 1600 words and 2 figures are strongly recommended.


PAPER AND TECHNICAL REPORT

This kind of contribution is double blind review, so follow the rules for submission. Paper and Technical report cannot exceed 5000 words.

Papers are normally articles concerning new scientific results of general interest, or articles that apply innovative techniques to evaluate the hydrogeology of an area, or regional or subject-oriented reviews.

Technical Reports are articles that apply conventional techniques to evaluate the hydrogeology of an area, or articles that give a description of the hydrogeology of an area.

For foreign authors the translation of abstract, keywords and captions will be made by the editors.

  • Text formatting

    Manuscripts must be sent with the following formatting:
    - Font: 11-point Arial
    - Justified paragraph
    - Double line spacing
    - Use the automatic page numbering and continuous line numbering functions
    - Save your file in .doc or .docx format

    Every paper or technical report, as our journal apply double blind review, should be submitted without the names and affiliations of the authors. This information will be reported in a separate file that is the “Title Page”.

    Thus every author should submit as separated files:

  • Main file:
    The complete manuscript in .doc .docx format (see structure details further) without authors’ names and affiliations.
    File text has to include figures at low resolution and tables already well positioned within the text, including also progressive numbered captions. . Main file cannot exceed 8 MB.
  • Title page:
    In addition to the main file, Authors must send a Title page (.doc/.docx format) as a separated file (supplementary file) containing:
    • Title of the paper in English and Italian
    • Key words and Parole chiave (a list of possible key words is reported at the end of these guidelines)
    • Authors and their affiliation and e-mail (also indicating the Corresponding Author)
    • English abstract and Italian Riassunto.

  • Tables
    They must entered in the manuscript text as a .doc file, no image, to facilitate the review and pagination.

  • Figures
    They must be sent also as separated single files (supplementary file). Figures at high resolution: min 300 dpi if color, min 600 dpi if black and white: at the scale of representation).


Manuscript (main file)

Please check that neither Authors’ name nor their affiliation are reported within the manuscript

Main text must include several sections (and sub section if needed) as in the following example:

  • Title: concise (in English and Italian)

  • Abstract
    The abstract must be in English, followed by the Italian Riassunto
    Suggested length of abstract is 300 words.
    The abstract cannot contain abbreviations and references.
    It must synthetize the whole contribution: introduction, materials and methods, results and conclusions.
    The author declares that any submitted translation is consistent with the original.

  • Key words
    Minimum of three keywords and maximum of five have to be specified.
    Key words must be in English followed by the Italian Parole chiave.
    At the end of this guideline a list of keywords (just as example) has been proposed. If the contribution is related to a particular zone, the name of the location is strongly suggested to be added to the keywords. Es.:
    Key words: Pianura Padana; GIS; Nitrate; Hydrogeochemical modelling
    Parole chiave: Pianura Padana; GIS; Nitrate; Hydrogeochemical modeling.

  • Introduction
    In this section the aim of the study and a review of literature about the treated matter (with a considerable number of citations) must be defined.

  • Data and Methods
    In this section all information about available data and methodology used must be reported in order to allow the experience reproducibility.

  • Results
    In this section results of the study must be described. Data should be presented in a synthetic way also using figures and tables.

  • Discussion
    In this section, results are normally interpreted and compared with other cases of literature cited in the introduction.

  • Conclusions
    In this section, aim and results of the study are briefly resumed.

  • Acknowledgments
    In this section is possible to acknowledge someone for any help or contribution related to the work.

  • References
    Only cited works (published or accepted for publication) within the text should be listed in the references list, and all references must be cited within the text.
    Personal communications and unpublished reports must be inserted just in the text [surname (max. 2 allowed, otherwise use surname of first author et al.), affiliation (of first author or of Institution), personal communication/unpublished data, year (in brackets)] .
    Do not use footnotes for references.

In-text citations
Citations must be reported always in English format, even if the paper is in Italian, using the author’s surname and year in brackets without any comma; see the following cases as example:
- Saline intrusion has a substantial impact on coastal aquifers (Custodio 2002)
- Model calibration is a crucial activity (Spitz and Moreno 1996)
- This process has a relevant impact on the hydrological cycle (Bianchi 1987; Rossi et al. 1998; Verdi and Gialli 2003; Grigi et al. 1999).

References style
An English translation of the original title of publication is always needed

Journal paper
Rossi M, Verdi D, Zanesi LM (2001) Assetto idrogeologico della Formazione Marnoso Arenacea “Hydrogeological setting of the Marnoso Arenacea Formation” . Acque Sotterranee 34:23-31. doi:10.1008/s001090002345

Book
Verdi D, Zeri M (1987) Utilizzo delle acque reflue “Graywater reuse” . ETS, Pisa.
Hill MC, Tiedeman CR (2006) Effective Groundwater Model Calibration: With Analysis of Data, Sensitivities, Predictions, and Uncertainty. Wiley, New York.

Book chapter
Bianchi M, Neri G (1995) Seawater intrusion in Campania, In: Gialli P. (ed.) State of water resources in Italy, Second Edition, Laterza, Roma.

Article with DOI (digital object identifier)
Bianchi M, Gialli B, Rossi NL (2000) Prove di portata. “Pumping tests” . Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater. doi:10.1008/s001090002345

Online resource
Neri M (2008) Groundwater in ancient time. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. Available from: http://www.rsc.org/dose/groundwater - last accessed 10/10/2016

Personal communications and unpublished reports must be inserted just in the text (name, affiliation, personal communication/unpublished data, year – in brackets).

  

TABLES
They must be entered in the manuscript text as .doc files, no image, to facilitate the review and pagination.

  • File name of every table must be Tab_n, such: Tab_2.doc. 
  • Tables must be numbered using Arabic numbers.
    Tables must be cited within the text consecutively.
  • Every table field must be in English. It is possible, in case of space availability in the table, to provide also an Italian translation of every field. 
  • Every table needs a caption (to be reported in the.doc file) written in English (and the relative Italian translation) which explains the table content. Captions must start with the table number and the text such as: 
  • Tab. 3 - Indexes used to define intrinsic vulnerability classes. Indici utilizzati per definire le classi di vulnerabilità intrinseca.
  • In case of published data in tables, please cite the reference at the end of captions.
  • The decimal separator is a point and not a comma.

FIGURES
  • In case of previously published figures please cite the reference at the end of captions and provide the authorization to use it.
  • When you use figure you have to submit the written permission to reproduce it.
  • Without authorization, we cannot publish the figure

And then:
If the references have been included in the captions just as sheer references, it is fine with that. Yet, if some parts of your Figures have been taken from figures included in the references above, written confirmation of permission is requested. Indeed, as per copyright laws, when Figures/Tables are taken from other works, not only the Author must quote the work including the Figures/Tables at stake, but they must also ask for a written permission of reproducing those Figures/Tables.

Hence, you should ask Editors or Authors or Public Authority written permission, depending on who the owner of the copyright is.

  • Figures must be submitted, as separated files (supplementary file), in the original file format (at least 300 dpi or greater that the scale of reproduction).

  • File name of every figure must be Fig_n, such: Fig_2.jpg. Figures must be numbered using Arabic numbers.

  • Every figure needs a caption reported in the main file text written in English (and the relative Italian translation), which explains the figure content. Captions must start with the figure number and the text such as:
    Fig. 1 - Geographical setting of the investigated area. Assetto geografico dell’area investigata.

  • Parts of figures must be indicated by lowercase letters (a,b,c, …) and reported in the caption.

  • Figures must be cited within the text consecutively.

  • Text written in figures must be in English.

  • When a case study is presented, a geographical map (with scale bar and North arrow) of the study area, with reference of the state, and area of the state is necessary.

  • For MAP the text should be in English, if it is possible. The same holds true for legends in map.

  • For graphs the axis units are needed.

  • The decimal separator is a point and not a comma.


EQUATION
For equations, please use the tool Equations in Word.


Support
In case of problems with the submission process, please contact: lucia.zoppi@pagepress.org

Corresponding authors are invited to carefully check their manuscript before the first submission and in the following review process in order to avoid many corrections.


List of key words (in Italian and English)
Acquiferi costieri - Coastal aquifers
Acquifero - Aquifer
Acquitardo - Aquitard
Agricoltura - Agriculture
Arsenico - Arsenic
Bilancio idrico - Water budget
Biorimedio - Bioremediation
Cambiamenti climatici - Climate changes
Carsismo - Karst
Carte delle vulnerabilità - Vulnerability mapping
Condizioni biologiche - Biologic conditions
Contaminazione - Contamination
Densità/viscosità delle acque sotterranee - Groundwater density/viscosity
Diffusione - Diffusion
Discarica - Landfill
Energia geotermica - Geothermal energy
Età delle acque sotterranee - Groundwater age
Eterogeneità - Heterogeneity
Fitodepurazione - Phyto-treatment
Flusso delle acque sotterranee - Groundwater flow
Flusso multifase - Multiphase flow
Geostatistica - Geostatistics
Geotermia a bassa entalpia - Low enthalpy geothermal energy
Gestione delle acque sotterranee - Groundwater management
Idrogeochimica - Hydrochemistry
Idrogeologia urbana - Urban groundwater
Isotopi - Isotopes
Legislazione - Legislation
Livello confinante - Confining units
Localizzazione geografica - Country or region name
Modellazione del trasporto di calore – Heat transport modeling
Modellazione idrogeochimica - Hydrogeochemical modeling
Modellazione numerica - Numerical modeling
Modello concettuale - Conceptual model
Monitoraggio - Monitoring
Nitrati - Nitrate
Perforazione - Drilling
Pompe di calore ad acqua di falda - Groundwater heat pump
Potenziale geotermico - Geothermal potential
Pozzi di iniezione - Injection wells
Proprietà idrodinamiche - Hydraulic properties
Prospezioni idrogeologiche - Groundwater exploration
Protezione - Protection
Regioni aride -Arid regions
Relazioni acque sotterranee/superficiali - Groundwater/surface-water relations
Ricarica - Groundwater recharge
Ricarica delle falde in condizioni controllate - Managed Aquifer Recharge
Rocce fratturate e fissurate - Fractured and fissured rocks
Salinizzazione - Salinization
Sistema a circuito aperto - Open loop system
Sistema informativo geografico - Geographic information systems
Soluzione analitica - Analytical solution
Sonde geotermiche - Borehole exchanger
Sovrasfruttamento - Over-abstraction
Strumentazione/tecniche di campo - Equipment/field techniques
Subsidenza - Subsidence
Test con traccianti - Tracer tests
Trasporto di soluti - Solute transport
Zona insatura - Unsaturated zone
Zone umide - Wetlands

The Italian version of the Instructions for Authors is available here: Linee_guida_Italiano_2017.pdf


Peer review policy

All manuscripts submitted to our journal are critically assessed by external and/or in-house experts in accordance with the principles of peer review (http://www.icmje.org/#peer), which is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of sound science. Each paper is first assigned by the Editors to an appropriate Associate Editor who has knowledge of the field discussed in the manuscript. The first step of manuscript selection takes place entirely in-house and has two major objectives: i) to establish the article’s appropriateness for our journals’ readership; ii) to define the manuscript’s priority ranking relative to other manuscripts under consideration, since the number of papers that the journal receives is much greater than it can publish. If a manuscript does not receive a sufficiently high priority score to warrant publication, the editors will proceed to a quick rejection. The remaining articles are reviewed by at least two different external referees. The names of referees will not be made available to authors and the referees will be not be informed as to the identity of the authors whose articles are subject to review (double blind review system). Manuscripts should be prepared according to the Uniform Requirements established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (http://www.icmje.org/#prepare).

Authorship: all persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship according to the ICMJE criteria (http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html). Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should only be based on substantial contributions to i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on iii) final approval of the version to be published. These three conditions must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author. Authors should provide a brief description of their individual contributions.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). While the manuscript is undergoing the peer review phase, the authors will not submit the manuscript to another journal without notifying the editor.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or PDF document file format.
  3. We fight plagiarism: please understand that your article will be checked with available tools for discovering plagiarism.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 11-point Arial font; employs justified paragraphs; and all figures and tables are placed within the text, including also progressive numbered captions.

    If material which has already been published is used, a copy of the written permission for the reproduction and adaptation has to be provided before publication. The procedure for requesting the permission is the responsibility of the Authors.

    If abbreviations are used in the text, authors are required to write full name+abbreviation in brackets [e.g., integrated water flow model (IWFM)] the first time they are used, then only abbreviations can be written (apart from titles; in this case authors have to write always the full name).

  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. Authors are kindly required to suggest at least two potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail) for their manuscript in the "Comments to the Editor" field (Step 1. Submission Process).
 

Copyright Notice

PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published. 

An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.

 

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